The Political Responsibility of the Protestant Churches in Brazil: A post Coup d'État approach towards the 500th anniversary of the Reformation

Felipe Gustavo Koch Buttelli, Clint Charles Le Bruyns

Abstract


This article grapples with the actual political context internationally, focusing on the Brazilian Coup d’État more specifically. It reflects on the responsibility of the Protestant churches in this watershed experience of the celebration of the five hundredth anniversary of the Reformation that happens during a time of crisis. It suggests an apocalyptic approach for theology towards the radical transformation of society, regarding especially the actual crisis of financial Capitalism. It starts from the contextual analyses of Protestantism in Brazilian society, historically and contemporarily. It then reflects on the actual challenges of protestant churches in such a context and suggests some theological assertions towards an apocalyptical theology for the end of Capitalism.


Keywords


Brazilian Coup d'État; Protestantism; Reformation Anniversary; Apocalyptic Theology

References


Agamben, G. et al. (2011), Democracy in what State?, Columbia University Press, New York.

Altmann, W. (1992), Luther and Liberation, A Latin American perspective, Fortress Press, Minneapolis.

Alves, R. (1969), A Theology of Human Hope. Corpus Books, Washington/DC.

Badcock, G. (ed) (2016), God and the Financial Crisis: Essays on Faith, Economics, and Politics in the Wake of the Great Recession, Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Baptista, S. (2009), Pentecostais e Neopentecostais na Política Brasileira, Um estudo sobre cultura política, Estado e atores coletivos religiosos no Brasil, Instituto Metodista Izabela Hendrix/Anna Blume, São Paulo.

Benjamin, W. (1991). Kapitalismus als Religion. In: Gesammelte Schriften, IV, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Verlag.

Bobsin, O. (2002). Correntes Religiosas e Globalização. CEBI/IEPG, São Leopoldo.

Bock, C. G.; Garcia, D. & Menezes, M. N. (eds) (2016) Fé e Transformação: Papel e relevância das organizações de base ecumênica, CLAI/Sinodal, Quito, São Leopoldo.

Carranza, B. (2000), Renovação Carismática Católica: Origens, mudanças e tendências. Editora Santuário, São Paulo.

Castells, M. (2012) Networks of Outrage and Hope, Social Movements in tnternet age, Polity, Cambridge.

Cesar, W & Shaull, R. (1997) Pentecostalismo e futuro da Igrejas Cristãs. Promessas e Desafios, Vozes/Sinodal, Petrópolis/São Leopoldo.

Cavalcante, R. (2010) A Cidade e o Gueto, Introdução a uma Teologia Pública Protestante e o desafio do neofundamentalismo evangélico no Brasil, Fonte Editorial, São Paulo.

Chung, P; Duchrow, U. & Nessan, C. (2011) Liberating Lutheran Theology, Freedom for Justice and Solidarity in a Global Context, Fortress Press, Minneapolis.

De Gruchy, J. & De Gruchy, S. (2004) The Church Struggle in South Africa. 25th Anniversary Edition. 3. ed. SCM Press, London.

Dreher, M. N. (1999), A Igreja Latino Americana no contexto mundial, Sinodal, São Leopoldo.

Dreher, M. N. (2006), Fundamentalismo, Editora Sinodal, São Leopoldo.

Droggers, A. (1985), E a Umbanda? Sinodal, São Leopoldo.

Hoornaert, E. (1994), História do Cristianismo na América Latina e no Caribe, Paulus, São Paulo.

Guizardi, F. L. (2016) Políticas Públicas, Capitalismo Contemporâneo e os Horizontes de uma democracia estrangeira. Caderno Ideias IHU, Unisinos, São Leopoldo.

Howard-Brook, W. & Gwyther, A. (1999), Unveiling Empire, Reading revelation then and now, Orbis Books, New York.

Iulianelli, J. A. S. (2009) ‘Pobreza, Riqueza e Economia. Uma revisão da literatura sobre causalidades da pobreza no Brasil’, In: Mshana, R. & Giese, N. (Eds), Pobreza, Riqueza e Ecologia. Perspectivas Ecumênicas da América Latina e Caribe, Sinodal/CLAI, São Leopoldo/Quito.

Léonard, E. G. (1981), O protestantismo brasileiro: estudo de eclesiologia e história social, 2nd ed, JUERP & ASTE, Rio de Janeiro.

Macedo, E & Oliveira, C. (2008) Plano de Poder: Deus, os Cristãos e a Política. Thomas Nelson Brasil, Rio de Janeiro.

Mariano, R. (2013), ‘Mudanças no Campo Religioso Brasileiro no Censo 2010’ Debates do NER, year 14, n. 24, p. 119-137.

Martikainen, T, Gauthier, F (eds) (2016), Religion in the Neoliberal Age: Political economy and modes of governance, Routledge, New York.

Mignolo,W. & Arturo, E. (Eds) (2013) Globalization and the Decolonial Option, Routledge, New York.

Piketty, T. (2014), Capital in the Twenty-First Century, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge/Massachussets/London.

Rieger, J. & Pui-Lan, K. (2012), Occupy Religion, Theology of the Multitude, Rowan & Littlefield Publishers, Plymouth/New York.

Roberts, K. & Yamane, D. (2012), Religion in Sociological Perspective, 5th edition, Pine Forge/Sage, Washington/DC, New York, Singapore, New Dheli, London.

Roy, A. (2015), Capitalism: A ghost story, Verso, London/New York.

Santos, B. S. (2007), Beyond Abyssal Thinking, Paper presented This paper was originally presented at the, University of New York at Binghamton, available on http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2007-06-29-santos-en.html.

Santos, B. S. (2016), A difícil democracia: reinventar as esquerdas, Boitempo Editorial, São Paulo.

Shaull, R. (1953), O cristianismo e a revolução social. União Cristã de Estudantes do Brasil, São Paulo.

Smith, R. (2013), More Desired than our owne Salvation: The roots of Christian Zionism, Orford University Press, New York.

Schultz, A. (2008), ‘Estrutura Teológica do Imaginário Religioso Brasileiro’ Bobsin, O. (et ali). Uma Religião Chamada Brasil, Faculdades EST/Oikos Editora, São Leopoldo.

Schünemann, R. (1992), Do Gueto à Participação, o Surgimento da Consciência Sócio-Política na IECLB entre 1960 e 1975, Sinodal/IEPG, São Leopoldo.

Silva, M R. (2010), ‘Reflexos da Diáspora Africana no Brasil’, Passos, J. C. & Nascimento, T. T. (Eds.), A Terra e o povo Negro, Histórias, Políticas e Desenvolvimento no Meio Rural Brasileiro, Núcleo de Estudos Negros NEN, Florianópolis.

Swart, I. (2016), The Churches and the Development Debate, Sun Press, Stellenbosch.

Sinner, R., Bobsin, O. & Bartz, A. (2012) ‘Religiöse Mobilität in Brasilien’ In: Lienemann-Perrin, C & Lienemann, W. (Eds.), Religionswechsel, Konfessionswechsel und Bekehrung in religiös pluralen Gesellschaften, Studien zur Bedeutung der Konversion in Lebensläufen, Kirchen, Religionsgemeinschaften und Rechtsordnungen. Harassowitz, Wiesbade.

Sung, J.M. (2010) Desejo, Mercado e Religião Fonte Editorial, São Paulo.

Teixeira, F. & Dias, M. Z. (2008) Ecumenismo e diálogo inter-religioso: a arte do possível, Santuário, Aparecida.

The Institute for Contextual Theology on behalf of the Kairos Theologians, The Kairos Document: Challenge to the Church. A Theological Comment on the Political Crisis in South Africa, Revised Second Edition, 1986.

Weber, M. (2012), The Protestant Ethic & the Spirit of Capitalism, Routledge, New York.

West, G. (2000) ‘Kairos 2000: Moving beyond church theology’, Journal of Theology for Southern Africa, n. 108, November, p. 55-78.

Westhelle, V. (2010), After Heresy, Colonial practices and post-colonial theologies, Wipf and Stock Publishers, Cascade, Eugene/OR.

Westhellle, V. (2012), Eschatology and Space, The lost dimension inn theology past and present, Palgrave Macmillan, New York.

Žižek, S (2015), Trouble in Paradise: From the End of History to the End of Capitalism, Penguin Books, London.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Pieter de Waal Neethling Trust, Stellenbosch

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ISSN 2413-9467 (online); ISSN 2413-9459 (print)


© 2017 Pieter de Waal Neethling Trust, Stellenbosch.

No registration, article submission or processing fees apply.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 

SUMMARY: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 
FULL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode

Powered by OJS.