Bible and sword: The Cameronian contribution to freedom of religion
Keywords:Cameronians, Church of Scotland, Erastianism, Freedom of religion, Glorious Revolution
AbstractOnly one sector of the 17th Century Scottish Presbyterian Covenanters, the Cameronians, steadfastly resisted Erastian interference in their doctrine, worship, church government, and discipline. From 1679 to 1688 they were severely persecuted by the Stewart monarchy. In 1689, at the Glorious Revolution, the Cameronian Guard enabled the Scottish Parliament to declare that James VII (Stewart) had forfeited the throne, and later that year, the Cameronian Regiment secured Scotland against a Jacobite rebellion, thereby allowing Parliament to annul Episcopalianism and establish Presbyterianism as the form of church government. In 1690, the reconciliation of the Cameronian clergy with the Kirk, led to a virtually united Presbyterian front in Scotland.
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