The suffering Servant
Keywords:Dostoyevski, Noordmans, place-taking, Stellvertretung, substitution
AbstractMany commentators have searched for the illusive servant of the Lord in the Fourth Servant Song in Isaiah 52:13-53:12. This article points out this problem, but focuses primarily on the question of what the servant did. The proposition is that this can be done only when the work of the servant and the work of Christ mutually inform each other. The idea of place-taking in Isaiah 53 is critically discussed. The exclusive and inclusive elements in place-taking are related to Christological and Pneumatological perspectives. From a Christological perspective, the exclusive elements in place-taking disqualify it as a mere anthropological category, while the Pneumatological perspective allows for inclusive elements in place-taking. Finally, Dostoyevski and Noordmans supply clarifying illustrations and perspectives to explain the inclusive, Pneumatological elements in place-taking, which confronts all humanity with a strange responsibility amidst crime and suffering.
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